Cat Bad Behavior: How To Stop The Cat From Attacking Other Animals


Cat Bad Behavior: How To Stop The Cat From Attacking Other Animals



We’ve always had cats.

As a boy, I’d happily add to our immediate family by occasionally bringing home a new kitten — always the last one in the litter, the one nobody else wanted.  And I loved ’em all.  And they gave back a quiet love.

These many years later, we have Tillie and Rusty.  And they’re part of the family, for sure.

Rusty is always up for playtime, at times a golden blur, at times lazy and trusting and full of lion-loud purrs.  He’s my best bud.

Tillie is the watcher.  When we brought them home, Rusty curled up in the cat carrier at my feet to sleep.  But his sister Tillie kept looking up at me through the screening, while batting Rusty in the ear, saying, in her own way, “Hey, wake up! Something’s going on here. Who is this human?  They’re taking us somewhere.”

Tillie eventually deigned to give us purrs.  But she still watches everything.  Never saw a cat who figures things out like she does.  She’s not a black cat, but she can find the shadows and blend in.

Raising cats has always been easy for us.  But not for everyone, eh?

We’ve heard the problems others have had: spraying, peeing where they shouldn’t, digging walls and furniture (well, we’ve had this one — catnip on a home-built scratcher takes care of most of it), aggressive behavior, really bad aggressive behavior…

This last one has been the biggest cause for alarm among people we’ve known.

Here, from Katherine Towers, is an astute Guest Blog on that very topic:

“Aggressive Cat Behavior: How To Stop Your Cat From Attacking Other Animals”

Your cat can show several different forms of aggressive behavior.

Although these behaviors may be alright and even useful in the wild, in a housecat these behaviors are dysfunctional. Animal behaviorists classify different kinds of aggressive cat behavior differently.

When your cat attacks a bird or mouse in the garden, or even your son’s pet hamster in its cage, this is called predatory aggression. Kitty is playing great white hunter, following its instinct to hunt for prey. Unfortunately, you cannot just shut down this instinct, so other measures need to be taken. The simplest one it to put a collar with a bell on your cat to keep it from sneaking up on its prey.

Kitty can also behave aggressively when it is afraid. At first, this seems like a paradox. But you may better understand this behavior if you recall the human fight-or-flight instinct. When your cat is afraid of some other animal, like your pet dog, but cannot run away, it may go nuts and attack the source of its fear in a berserk fury of claws, fang and fur.

So, what to do? The natural reaction of most cat lovers is to try to pet and console kitty. Unfortunately, in the long run, you are conditioning your cat to behave this way. You are reinforcing the idea that it is okay to behave aggressively whenever it is afraid. Generally, the best way to handle fear aggression is to remove the source of the fear, then ignore kitty. Yes, pay no more attention to your cat until it calms down on its own.

The third form of aggressive cat behavior has to do with territory. This is especially common in unneutered tomcats. In this case, kitty will attack your new cat because it feels that the newcomer is invading its territory.

This is yet another natural behavior which can give you a big headache. If this happens, you need to introduce the two cats to each other slowly. Mealtime is usually an important part of this process. In simplistic terms, both cats only see each other when it is time to eat. Otherwise, they are kept apart, out of sight of each other. This lets them associate the other cat with the pleasure of eating.

Another form of aggressive cat behavior is called maternal aggression or protective aggression. This is just a fancy name for when mama cat attacks anyone who approaches her new kittens. Unfortunately, there is not much you can do here. Just be patient, and eventually mama cat may let you play with her kittens.

Generally speaking, aggressive cat behavior is driven by a cat’s natural instinct for food, territory, fear or protectiveness. The first step of treatment is to identify the trigger for this aggression. After that the specific approach varies. Regardless, love and patience is a must.

– Thanks, Katherine


Cat Behavior Training

==>> “It’s harder to understand a cat than a dog, yes.  But we’ve learned a LOT about Cat Behavior in the last few years.  And that’s the secret to training your beloved tabby.  CATS CAN BE TRAINED – IF YOU REALLY KNOW WHAT THEY’RE THINKING!”  TO LEARN HOW – CLICK HERE NOW!




==>> Have you had a laugh today?  Shed a tear?  Had that glowing feeling of love?  To See Our “Cats Quotes: Loving & Funny Cat Quotes”  CLICK HERE NOW!


Cat Bad Behavior: How To Stop The Cat From Attacking Other Animals

Keywords: #TuesdayTabbies, animal rights, best cat book, biting, black cat, cat 2015, cat bad behavior, cat behavior, cat bookshelf, cat books pdf, cat quote, cats, talking tom cat, the cat

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Aquaponics: Aquaponic Farm Raft System Vs Ebb & Flow


Aquaponics: Aquaponic Farm Raft System Vs Ebb & Flow


So many folks are actually changing their lifestyles.  Organic gardening.  Living off the Grid.   Getting free from the Machine.

Some are getting back to a simpler way of life, one based on traditional values and workways.

Some are genuinely afraid of the changing world: whether a looming crisis presenting itself as the dire results of Climate Change, like a super hurricane, unnending blizzard, massive wildfire, or cataclysmic flood.  Or unnatural disasters brought about by financial collapse, civic breakdown, devastating bioterrorist-released pandemic or modern warfare carried to our own doorsteps.

No matter what, the most important factor in any breakdown is Water.  And the second is Food.

Hence the increasing interest in hydroponic farming.  In a way, it combines the two.  More important, it increases your yield of fresh, organic food TEN TIMES!  And gives you a wide range of natural herbal medications…


Easy Aquaponics DIY for Family Survival

Certainly, self sufficiency is becoming an essential choice for many of us.  A clear choice of standing our ground against destructive forces and re-creating a healthy and safe world for our families — even if that world is only our immediate home area.

It’s not just a matter of survival.  It’s all about returning to the ways of our ancestors — while sometimes using modern technology when it suits us.  And Aquaponic Farming is at the frontier of this new civilization.

Here, from long-time Organic Gardener Ethan Mills, is a Guest Blog on this very subject, a Crash Course on getting into Aquaponic Farming…


>> What is Aquaponics? And Why is it Changing Everything?

What if I said to you that you could have fresh organic vegetables year round in the convenience of your own home?

What if I told you that you can grow food up to TEN TIMES the volume of any other natural, organic farming method?

Well, this is possible by using an aquarium, with ornamental fish and growing beds for crops of your choice. A home system can serve as a beautiful show piece or a food production system, depending on the size.

Many backyard aquaponics gardeners are setting up systems to grow hundreds of pounds of fish and an endless supply of herbs and vegetables a family needs.

These Backyarders quickly produce more fresh food than they can eat.  At which time they can either preserve those vegetables, fish and herbs for “a rainy day” or sell it for income and profit.

What is Aquaponics?

The ancient Aztecs did it, among other cultures.  It’s simply using fish waste from the fish in your tank or outdoor pool to feed the plants you wish to grow. The nitrogen cycle takes care of the magic by filtering the dirty water in the grow bed before it returns to the fish.

This allows for the best conditions for growth to your plants and fish that you are raising.

An aquaponic system does all the hard work for you, so you don’t have to filter the fish waste and you won’t have to worry about feeding your plants, which makes it easy aquaponics.

Hydroponics is a method of growing crops without using soil. You have to use nutrition solutions to feed the crops, which are elements added to the watering system and delivered to the roots.  NO CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS!  NO WEEDS!  NO TILLING!

With this system, the plants need to be secured with a growing medium such as, lavarock. The growing mediums not only secure the plants, it provides moisture, and a place for bacteria to thrive! If a growing medium was not used then sprayers would be used and this would be considered an aeroponics system.

The other part of aquaponics is aquaculture: the water is provided all the elements for the plants to grow from the fish waste. Without having crops, this naturally filtration system would not function properly, which would lead to the death of your fish. There needs to be a balance of fish and plants for aquaponics to work properly.

There are great benefits to aquaponics, especially because of the efficiency and space saving methods of fish farming, growing crops of your choice. It allows hydroponic growers to cut cost of buying fertilizers, and helps fish farmers with the filtration of the fish waste.  AND – – NO PESTICIDES.

Commercial aquaponics system operators are limited, however, because (like solar panels) it works best in family-sized holdings.  And among them, there’s a strong level of interest in this organic method of food production. With little maintenance of less than 20 minutes a day, you can have fresh fish and vegetables year-round.


Easy Aquaponics DIY for Family Survival


>> Aquaponic Raft System vs. Ebb and Flow

There are many different types of aquaponic systems.  However, the two most common are The Raft System and Ebb & Flow.

Parts that are the same are the fish tank and a plant bed. Some of the differences include filtration techniques, plumbing, the type of plant bed, growing medium, and the frequency of water and aeration. Some of the more popular aquaponic methods emerging in the industry are methods based on a hydroponic system design, and raising fish for filtration.

1. The Raft Method

Let us start with The Raft System Method, also known as deep channel, float and deep flow. The idea is for your crops to be grown on top of the water in the Styrofoam boards. The rafts are usually in a tank separate from the fish tank. The water in the raft grow bed is highly nutritious because of the fish waste, plants will eat it up!

The nutrient-rich water flows continuously from the fish tank, through filtration components, through the raft tank where the plants are grown and then back to the fish tank. The beneficial bacteria that make this nitrogen cycle work, live in the raft tank and throughout the system.

The water in the raft tank provides a buffer for the fish, reducing stress and potential water quality problems, which is one of the greatest benefits of the raft system. Plus, this method has been improved for over 25 years. The raft system is a well developed method that allows for high plant production per square foot. Commercial raft systems can cover large areas, best utilizing the floor space in a greenhouse.

Vegetable seedlings are best placed on one end of the raft tank. The rafts are pushed forward on the surface of the water over time and then the mature plants are harvested at the other end of the raft. Once a raft is harvested, it can be replanted with seedlings and set into place on the opposite end. The optimizes floor space, which is especially important in a commercial greenhouse setting.

2. The EBB (Flood and Drain) Method

Hydroponic Ebb and Flow uses media filled beds that are periodically flooded with water from the fish tank. The water is drained after the water level rises above the bell siphon and flows back to the fish tank. All waste, including the solids, is broken down within the plant bed.

Sometimes worms are added to the gravel-filled plant bed to enhance the break-down of the waste. This method uses the fewest components and no additional filtration, making it simple to operate and naming it one of the best aquaponic system methods. The plant production is less than the aquaponic method described above. The media-filled bed is often used for hobby applications where maximizing production is not a goal.


>> Aquaponic Plants You Can Grow In An Aquaponics System

The aquaponic plants are where it’s at! That’s the great benefit of aquaponics, enjoying the vegetables and fruits when they are ready to be eaten. While the crops are growing, the nitrogen cycle occurs because of the bacteria in the root systems. This is where the water is filtered and cleaned before it returns back to the fish.

Without plants the system cannot function properly. Research has shown that plants were proven to be an effective means of water purification for aquaculture. Lettuce, chives and other leafy crops were first considered for aquaponics but, more recently, commercial growers and researchers have had great success with tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, melons, flowers and many other crops.

Growing plants in your backyard in the soil takes up valuable space and is labor intensive. Dirt farming is kind of a knee jerk response. You see the plants wilting and add water, plants yellowing and add nitrogen or compost. Aquaponics takes care of this automatically, without much thought except to insure the flow of water. If the electricity quits or a pump fails the plants will survive several days up to two weeks depending on the temperature, but of course the fish will die sooner.

Even plants needing large amounts of nitrogen, like tomatoes, can exist side by side with plants that require little, like lettuce. The nutrient rich water reaches all plants and because it only passes through, only what is needed is used.

Even with good plant coverage there are a lot of nitrates flowing out the drains back to the fish tank, enough in fact to power up another group of grow beds. This is not a concern unless the water is cloudy in the fish tank. We have found that 6-8 grow beds per 400 gallon tank is a good operating number.

Aquaponic Plants

Tomatoes, Peppers, Spinach, Onions, Cucumbers, Pak Chov, Squash, Lettuce, Basil, Begonias, Impatiens Peas Beets, Swiss Chard, Black Seeded Simpson, Water Cress, Watermelon, Chives, Cabbage, Redina, Lettuce, Endive, Amaranth, Celery, Tatsoi, Collard, Garlic, Chives, Zucchini, Okra, Cilantro.  Most common household plants: Recao, Cantaloupe, Mustard, Mints, Arugula, Beans, Taro, Spinach, Parsley, Kale, Dill Rice, New Tomatoes.

If you want have the best tasting vegetables, make sure you purchase organic seeds, so that you know exactly that your crops will be 100% organic. This way you will enjoy the real taste of freshly harvested vegetables in the comfort of your home. What can be better than that?!


>> Aquaponic Fish: Fish for Aquaponics

You need fish to have a properly functioning aquaponics system. The reason why fish are required to complete this aquaponics cycle is within the fish waste. The tomatoes, peppers, lettuce and other plants you are growing require nitrogen, which is produced by the fish waste.

All aquaponics systems must have the nitrates filtered from the water or the aquaponics fish will die. The growing containers act as this filter because the plants roots take care of everything there. Plants and fish must be present in this system for The Aquaponic Nitrogen Cycle to take place.

Just about any freshwater fish can be used in the system although the operating temperature prohibits rearing of species such as trout. If you don’t care about either eating or selling the fish we recommend using half of the fish as goldfish and the other half as common carp.

One fish per 1.5 gallon water is the maximum a system can handle especially as the fish grow larger. Goldfish and common carp can be bought cheaply at bait stores in most parts of the country.

Suitable Fish For Aquaponics are:

Walleye,Tilapia, Yellow Perch, Lake Perch

Channel Catfish, Bluegill, Hybrid Striped Bass, Northern

Crayfish, Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, All Carp, Goldfish

Sunfish, Bream, Crappie, Pacu, Koi, and Freshwater Ornamentals.

Aquaponics Fish Food:

Your fish need food to produce the waste which helps this amazing cycle happen. The pellets or organic fish foods can cost over time, however, there are a few methods for creating fish food. One of the aquaponic secrets is that you can raise fish food that doubles itself every 24 hours under correct conditions. This is a great money saver and fits in with doing less work is more.

Duckweed can easily be made in large barrel halves. The water temperature needs to be 60-70 degrees F. and rich in nutrients. These nutrients can come from manure tea made from donkey dung and other sources. Fish eat duckweed slower than commercial feeds, because they are rich with protein and other elements.

The cool thing about duckweed is that it just floats around and too much does not constitute nitrate buildup like with uneaten commercial pellets. Eventually it will be eaten and, meanwhile, it is making more duckweed. In nature, duckweed can be found floating in calm waters, either fresh or brackish.

Virtually all the plant is metabolically active and totally useful as a feed or food. Duckweed has high concentrations of essential amino acids, lysine, methionine, carotene, xanthophylls and trace minerals making it one of the best animal feeds available for either fish or animals like rabbits, sheep, goats or cattle. It can be fed wet or dried without significant loss of nutrients.

Nitrogen Ammonium is the preferred form of food for duckweed. This is fortunate for us as the aquaponic system produces an abundance of this material. Therefore duck-weed does great in such systems except for trace minerals Duckweed growing in half barrel which because of the soil-less nature in aquaponics, are sadly lacking. This factor can be solved as it exists for not only the duckweed but both the plants and fish as well.

A homemade hydroponic system allows for family activity which can promote healthy eating and helps stretch the food budget.

This family activity provides a great way to teach children how to grow food and care for living things.

Starting off with a small aquaponics setup may be the easiest to grow vegetables than other systems because of the minimal amount of work you have to do once it is up and running…




About the Author: “My name is Ethan Mills and I’ve been an avid organic gardener for as long as I can remember. In that time, I’ve gained a huge amount of knowledge about organic gardening and aquaponic systems. As an aquaponics enthusiast, it is my goal to see that your garden is properly cared for, so I’d like to share my knowledge with you.”  As of this posting, the link at the base of his published articles is inactive, but Ethan can be found on Facebook — just login to FB and search for his “Aquaponic Secrets.”

Aquaponics: Aquaponic Farm Raft System Vs Ebb and Flow

Keywords: aquaponic farm, aquaponic fish, aquaponic garden, aquaponics, aquaponic system, ebb and flow, farming, greenhouse, hydroponic garden, hydroponic grow, hydroponics, natural herbal medications, nutrients, talapia

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#Netherlands70 #VE70 Liberation of Netherlands 70 Years Ago


Men of Algonquin Regiment moving toward Hochwald Forest, March 1, 1945

Those of us who are family of the soldiers who liberated Holland 70 years ago have been watching the Netherlands 70 Remembrance with pride and even tears.

We remember them, those men.

In my case, it was my father, who served with his own quiet pride in the Canadian Algonquin Regiment.  He was there — with his Regiment — from the storming of Normandy, the beginning of the Liberation of Holland, to the advance into Germany in the frozen days of late February and early March — when a sniper’s bullet took him out in the bloody battle of the Hochwald Gap.

Dad spoke little of the battles themselves.  It was only after he passed that other guys who had worked with him (all of them war vets), or served with him in the local Legion, told me some of the darkest details.  Veterans tell each other things that they rarely speak of otherwise.

Dad had been in the Algonquin’s D Company when they went into the Hochwald Forest.  Carrying shovels to dig deep slit trenches and 303 Lee-Enfield rifles, they found themselves alone except for oncoming German Tiger tanks followed by German infantry…

But Dad did speak of the better times in those late months of ’44 and into 1945.  He was there for the Liberation of Holland and rightly proud of the part he and his comrades had played.  He spoke of the local men and women who befriended them.  He spoke of these people’s stories — of the hardships and acts of courage against the terrible Nazi Occupation.

I grew up with War Vets.  So few of them are still with us.  Dad was only 55 when he passed from war-related health problems.  And those others I knew and admired are gone.

Watching some of our few survivors over there in the Netherlands accepting so much love and praise from the people of Holland and surrounding areas has been an emotional experience, for sure.

The American vets, the British, the Australian, our own Canadians:

These guys represent an entire generation…


God Bless you all!

To read more, see OUT OF MY FATHER’S SHAVING BOX: Dad’s War, Algonquin Regiment & Liberation of Holland



#Netherlands70 #VE70 Liberation of Netherlands 70 Years Ago

Keywords: #Netherlands70, #VE70, #VEDay70, Algonquin Regiment, Canadian Army, Liberation of Netherlands, 70 years ago, Liberation of Holland, VE Day 70

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Gardening & YOU: Gardening with Kids – Growing Vegetables Indoors


Gardening with Kids – Growing Vegetables Indoors


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It’s May, and this ol’ cook’s thoughts wander outside with yearnings for fresh organic veggies for our kitchen.

Time to get in the garden, eh?

Gardening is a lifetime love.

My father, born on a family farm, taught me.  I’ve been doing it as far back as I can remember.  I mean age 4 or younger.  Carrying soil in a little wooden wheelbarrow Dad had made for me.  My first crop, of course, was radishes.  You can’t fail with radishes.

And these many decades later, we’re still putting in a few crops.  Potatoes, tomatoes, green beans, pole beans, bush peas, cucumbers, parsnips, carrots…  Even in our deck flower boxes, which now grow organic vegetables.

Once you’ve got the gardening bug, you never lose it.  And our kids?  Yup.  We passed the bug onto them.

And when Winter shakes out its blankets of snow, we don’t give up our passion for organic food.  We grow it indoors.  And there are the Greenhouses, so easily built.

Here, giving us two excellent looks at those very subjects, is a guest blog from award-wining writer Stacy Pessoney:

Gardening With Kids.

Spring is here and outside everything is greening…

Gardening with children can be so fulfilling, for you and for them. Whether you are a teacher, a friend or a parent, you can enjoy some real quality time with the children that you care for.

There are a few ways to make it fun for them. Remember to have fun, encourage silliness and be open to the children’s ideas. Kids really enjoy getting outside with adults and creating something. Try to include things in the garden that the kids will really enjoy.

Have them set up hummingbird feeders, spinning wind catchers, wind chimes, and make vegetable markers or signs. The more colorful and personal they make it, the more they will love it.

Using hummingbird feeders, spinners and chimes will help give the kids some instant gratification. It’s a lot more interesting than simply putting a seed in the dirt and walking away! Set up a craft table in advance and let the kids decorate and design whatever they can think of to stick in the garden. They can use construction paper, index cards, glue, glitter, beads and even seeds to decorate signs. Use some laminating paper or dip in melted paraffin wax to waterproof signs.

Sprouting seeds indoors is fun for kids and lets them see how roots grow towards the water and how leaves open up towards the sun. Simply placing seeds on a wet paper towel and putting them into a sandwich bag will make them sprout rather quickly. Then they can be placed in the dirt and have a better chance of survival than if you had only placed the seeds in the soil.

Kids love the idea of introducing beneficial insects, butterflies, frogs and lizards into the garden. Do a little research about your area and find out which insects are beneficial. Your local nursery can usually provide you with useful information on which insects to introduce and where to get them.

Using living creatures to protect the vegetables from invaders is not only fun, but beneficial. Teaching children how to garden organically will not only help them to ingest and absorb less chemicals now, but as they grow and plant their own gardens in the future. Organic gardening is more fun, safer and better for their health.

The fun isn’t over when the garden is planted. Kids love to catch bugs and worms and then introduce them into the garden. They can learn about recycling and composting while adding beneficial compost to their garden soil.

It will get richer by the year if you avoid chemical fertilizers. Let them water with interesting containers or spray nozzles for the water hose.  One with forward assist and automatic hose retrieval makes it easy for even very young children to feel important and participate in the family fun.

Happy gardening!



Growing Vegetables Indoors.

Summer is ending and our gardens are wilting…

The season of fresh vegetables just goes by too fast. It is time to grind up those stalks and cover the garden with hay for composting. But does this really mean that we are done eating fresh vegetables until next June? Not really! You can grow vegetables indoors using these tips.

There are two ways to start your indoor vegetable garden.

One, you can transfer your existing plants from outdoor to indoor pots.

Two, you can sprout seeds and plant them. [1]

Some plants, like tomato plants, normally need to be staked. But, if you hang a planter for your tomatoes, you don’t necessarily have to stake them. The stalks can simply hang down like vines.

Choose large pots that drain really well. Place rocks in the bottom of each container, then potting soil or top soil mixed with plenty of compost. If your summer garden did well outside, you can use the soil from there to fill your pots. Although, sometimes this soil is depleted of nutrients and should be replenished with compost.

All of your indoor vegetables need to have plenty of sunlight and heat. If possible, put them near a heater vent. They must get as much sunlight as possible, so all plants need to be near a window. You might even consider placing planters in buckets attached to an accordion divider so that all of them have equal sun.

You can even move the whole apparatus from one window in the morning to another full sun window in the afternoon. Putting your accordion divider on casters will make the move easier on your back. The vertical garden also eliminates the need to bend over to tend to and harvest vegetables.

Another back saving tip is to roll your vertical garden outside to water. If it’s not too cold, you can roll it out onto the deck or patio and spray it down with the water hose.

As the days get shorter, you will have to use a UV lamp to give your vegetables enough light to grow. If you notice your plants doing poorly, increase the amount of heat and/or sun that they are getting every day.

Make sure that you are not over-watering, and that you are pruning off any dead or dying sections that may be stealing nutrients from your healthy vegetables.

Having an indoor vegetable garden can be a challenge and can take up a lot of space. But, if you tend to it carefully, you could be rewarded with fresh vegetables year round.

And you can always take the next step: build a low-cost small greenhouse.

==>> Need MORE Up-To-Date Info on Home Gardening?  Go Now To  Organic Gardening In Your Backyard – Fun, Healthy, & Easier Than You Think!


[1] About Greenhouse Seeds: You may have heard that you need special seeds for indoor gardening.  Nope!  The phrase “greenhouse seeds” usually refers to cannabis.

About the author: Stacy Pessoney studied advertising, marketing and communications at the University of Alabama with a minor in dance.  Stacy has garnered numerous awards for her essays, articles and short stories. She is well versed in various topics, including gardening, hose reel, lawn care and landscaping.  In her spare time, she loves hiking, kayaking, fishing, photography and exploring the outdoors with her family.

“Herb gardens can be therapeutic, fragrant, beautiful and delicious. Planting an herb garden is easy and fun. You can grow it indoors or out. Even starting from seed, you can start to harvest your own fresh herbs within about a month.” – Stacy Pessoney


Gardening & YOU: Gardening with Kids – Growing Vegetables Indoors

Keywords: greenhouse seeds, organic food, organic gardening, organic vegetables, recipes, small greenhouse

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Organic Food: Your Home Organic Vegetable Garden


Organic Gardening In Your Backyard – Fun, Healthy, & Easier Than You Think



Gardening is a lifetime love.

My father, born on a family farm, taught me.  I’ve been doing it as far back as I can remember.  I mean age 4 or younger.  Carrying soil in a little wooden wheelbarrow Dad had made for me.  My first crop, of course, was radishes.  You can’t fail with radishes.

Only a hundred years ago, most North Americans lived on farms or fished the seas.  In just that short century, country-based living has drifted into the creeping cement cemeteries called The City.

I’m not that old, but I can remember when most families where I grew up tended gardens.

It wasn’t work, but a kind of simple joy, putting in our vegetable garden every spring.  Black rich soil dug by hand.  Seeds planted.  Fertilized with dried manure from the horse barn next door (I grew up in Harness Racing Country — a true blessing).

We were organic gardening long before Prince Charles gave it a name.

Times have changed, of course.  Back then, you could still catch a mess of brook trout in fresh water streams…

But Organic Food is back.  It’s healthy.  It’s delicious.  Once you’ve eaten a home-grown tomato, you’ll never go back to those hard, tasteless, chemical-filled commercial things.

We still do it.  In fact, we even converted our deck planters to veggie beds.  And in wintertime we grow ’em indoors.  As well as the Greenhouses, so easy to build…

“Building your own small greenhouse just makes economical sense. You can build a greenhouse at just a fraction of the cost of buying a pre-built one. Most pre-built greenhouse kits you buy need to be assembled anyway.  You’re really just paying hugely inflated prices for the material.” – Alex C Linford


You don’t even need special organic recipes.  Traditional recipes always used fresh ingredients, or at least properly preserved foods.  If you want to cook a traditional meal, just find an old cookbook.

Have you ever wondered about starting your own organic garden, ever asked “What is Organic Gardening?” — here’s a wonderful guest blog.  Here, from author C.J. Gustafson is her essential article: Organic Gardening In Your Backyard – Fun, Healthy, & Easier Than You Think

Organic gardening, which is sometimes thought of as something out of the 60’s Back-To-The-Land Hippie culture, has been steadily growing in popularity over the years. Not only can you find entire aisles of organics at the local supermarket, the number of specialty stores dedicated to organically grown foods has increased dramatically.

Part of this popularity is due to an increasing understanding of the dangers associated with synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. Growing organically generally means gardening without these potentially dangerous chemicals. Many backyard gardeners are turning to organic methods as they realize how easy and effective organic growing can be.

Part of the reason chemical pesticides and fertilizers are so widely used is because they work well. In deciding to use organic methods in your backyard garden, you first will need to accept the fact that you will likely have more pest damage and lower yields than if you were employing chemicals. Many people are willing to make this trade off in return for the opportunity to harvest chemical-free foods for themselves and their families.

There are several different approaches and techniques used in organic gardening. You may find that you are using some of them already. If you have selected cultivars that are resistant to pests or drought, you are involved in one form of organic gardening.

If you put out a scarecrow or bars of hand soap to keep animals away, this too is organic gardening. Compost is an organic fertilizer. Organic techniques are around in many gardens already. By utilizing them more and moving away from chemicals, you can improve the environment and lead a healthier lifestyle.

There are different levels of organic gardening and different reasons why people choose organic methods. Some do it because they do not want to harm any animals, even aphids or cutworms. So they try to develop a system where they can cohabit peacefully, keeping insects and other animals out when possible and removing them or learning to live with them when other options don’t work.

Some people are not opposed to pest control and extermination but they don’t want to add any more chemicals to the environment or to the food that they eat. Others go organic as a means of getting back to a more historic, natural, and even challenging way of gardening. You will need to decide which methods match your personal philosophies and reasons for going organic.

Pest control and fertilization are two of the key areas to focus on with organic gardening. In addition to using native, resistant plants, mulching, and practicing crop rotation, the use of other natural methods of pest control and of compost and manure as fertilizer can go a long way toward creating a more organic garden.
Pest Control

There are many ways that backyard gardeners can control insects and other pests without the use of synthetic chemicals.

– Use mesh row covers to keep insects off of plants. They need to be removed from squashes, melons, cucumbers, peppers and other plants that require or benefit from pollination during flowering.
– Collars placed around young plants will help prevent damage by cutworms.
– Allow natural predators such as ladybugs and wasps to assist you in your efforts by planting vegetation that will attract them to your garden and avoiding pesticides that harm them as well.
– Screens, cold frames and fences can help keep some insects and animals such as rabbits out of the garden.
– Aphids can be removed from plants with a strong stream of water. Hand removing insects such as potato beetles can be effective in small gardens.
– Weed your garden and turn the soil regularly to help reduce the growth of insects that like to nest in certain plant debris.
– Learn to identify the egg clusters of harmful insects and remove them immediately
– Use homemade insecticides such as garlic spray or other harmless pest inhibitors.
– Try using non-invasive methods of pest control including soap bars, cuttings of human hair, or an alert dog in the yard. These techniques may or may not be effective, but are worth a try before resorting to chemicals.
– Some home pesticides such as those that use rhubarb or tobacco plants can be very dangerous to humans and other mammals. Use caution and be sure you know what you’re getting into before you begin.

Organic Fertilizers

Of course you want your plants to grow quickly and produce large yields. However, chemical fertilizers are potentially harmful to those who eat the plants and to the environment, especially if applied too heavily and allowed to run off into water supplies and habitat areas. Using organic fertilizers can decrease the problems associated with chemicals.

Manure is a natural, effective fertilizer if used properly. Not only does it improve soil structure, it provides the nutrients plants need to develop. Manure that is allowed to age and decompose before use is most effective. Pasteurized manure is less likely to include active weed seed or harmful bacteria. Do not apply too heavily.

Create and maintain a compost pile to use as fertilizer. Not only does it incorporate the use of natural organic material such as leaves, lawn clippings and household waste such as potato peels and carrot stems, it also provides a free source of fertilizer and reduces the amount of waste that is hauled to landfills.

If you choose to use chemical fertilizers, use sparingly and choose a slow release variety that is less likely to leech into vulnerable areas.

Companion planting, which is the practice of putting together two plants that seem to benefit each other, has been offered as a means of enhancing organic gardening practices. It is thought that plants such as nightshade and marigolds are natural pest deterrents. However, there is no firm research to support this as yet. Still, many gardeners have reported success with this method.

Additionally, planting vegetables with prickly vines, such as watermelon or squashes around the perimeter of vulnerable plants may help keep out rabbits and other animals that don’t like the scratchy vines.

These days, many gardeners are looking for ways to reduce the use of chemicals and rely on more natural and inexpensive means of providing food for their tale and backyard growing enjoyment. Organic gardening techniques provide fun and healthy options.

==>> Need MORE Up-To-Date Info on Home Gardening?  Go Now To  Gardening & YOU: Gardening with Kids – Growing Vegetables Indoors!


About the author: C.J. Gustafson says that she “would rather lose a few ears of corn than go without wildlife in my garden.”  An amateur gardener and a professional photographer from Pine City, Minnesota, she’s written articles over the years providing valuable tips and advice about garden accessories and other vegetable gardening topics.  Her over-200 published articles also cover topics from making maple syrup to the history of the North West Company fur post in her area. Her photos include categories such as Nature, Wildlife, Gardens, Flowers and Scenic Travels.  She is active in the local arts community and can be found on Facebook.




Organic Food: Your Home Organic Vegetable Garden

Keywords: garden fertilizer, garden soil, kitchen garden, organic farm, organic food, organic gardening, organic vegetable garden, recipes, seeds, small greenhouse, soil, plants, what is organic



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Charles Livingston Bull, Wildlife Artist






I first saw the fierce, exhilarating drawings of American wildlife artist Charles Livingston Bull in an old hardcover copy of HAUNTERS OF THE SILENCES, by Canadian author Charles G D Roberts.

I had discovered the animal stories of Roberts in our elementary readers, amazed that such realistic (and violent) tales of wild creatures were mixed with otherwise child-centered stories.  Perhaps it was because Roberts wrote a lot about our own New Brunswick forests.  Or perhaps it was because Sir Charles G D Roberts had once been a worldwide best selling author.  Or maybe… [1]

I raided the libraries for more of Roberts’ books.  THE KINDRED OF THE WILD.  And THE WATCHERS OF THE TRAILS.  And in those thrilling books were also fantastic line drawings by that artist named Charles Livingston Bull.

In fact, as I read more books — some from the Libraries, some given to me by local folks who appreciated my love of these old pastoral stories — I came to expect the “Illustrated by Charles Livingston Bull” byline, and thought that those drawings were perfect renditions of the animals and forests that lived right outside our own back door.

I not only saw his artwork in other Roberts’ books like THE HOUSE IN THE WATER and THE RED FOX, but in wilderness-set works by other writers such as IN THE BROODING WILD and THE HOUND FROM THE NORTH by Ridgwell Cullum.  And NOMADS OF THE NORTH by James Oliver Curwood.   And a real personal fave: FLASH THE LEAD DOG by George Marsh.




In fact, it was a real surprise when I discovered wildlife books that WEREN’T illustrated by by Bull, but by others.  Yes, there were other artists in those old books:  N.C. Wyeth, Maxfield Parrish, Arthur Heming, Paul Bransom, Jessie Willcox Smith, Charles Copeland, J C Leyendecker, Carl Rungius, Henry S Watson and Frank E Schoonover.  And I liked ’em all. [2]

But not quite as much as Charles Bull.  There was a kind of vitality in those lines of black ink: those animals, whether in lazy repose or savage action, lived and breathed right there on the page.  And his wilderness settings — with their trees, rocks, bushes — I knew those landscapes: I had walked there.

And I began to wonder, “Who is this Bull guy?”


charles livingston-bull-illustrator-bio


Charles Livingston Bull (1874- 1932) has been remembered as “the premier wildlife artist of his time in America, perhaps the best of his kind in the world. He drew and painted realistic animals, a subject he explored through literature.” [3]

He was born in West Walworth, in New York State, at that time a farming and dairy area.

Charles loved drawing from earliest childhood.  In an interview, he said, “My mother says that from the time I was four years old, I could draw any animal I saw, and draw it fairly well, too.”  [4]

But when his father heard of his artistic endeavors, Charles was informed that he should get a real job.  His father apprenticed him to a taxidermist.  Although the young artist was still able to take free evening drawing classes at the Rochester Athenaeum & Mechanic’s Institute.

“When I was sixteen years old, I went to work in Ward’s Museum in Rochester, New York.” explained Charles in another, rare interview. [5]

“This museum preserved skins and mounted animals and birds for exhibits. My job, at the start, was scraping the inside fat and grease off of animal skins. It was a smelly job that brought me an income of three dollars a week.

“From Ward’s Museum I went to the National Museum in Washington, D. C, where I was a full-fledged taxidermist. For ten or twelve years I studied anatomy of animals and birds, and then I was ready to make some pictures.”

Ready to pursue his artistic dream, Charles quit his National Museum job and moved to New York City.  For many years he would live right across the street from the Bronx Zoological Gardens, where he went almost daily to observe and draw the animals.  At that time, the Bronx Zoo was designed around a circular sea lion pool, with almost a thousand mammals, birds, reptiles and fishes featured in a number of pavilions.  As well as the usual zoo inmates like lions, tigers, monkeys and polar bears, the Zoo also featured captured bison and snow leopards.  And Charles drew them all.

“I have no idea how many animal pictures I have made — thousands of them, probably, and of almost every family of animals.”

He began to sell artwork to local magazines.  And then…

Kindred-of-the-wild-charles-livingston-bullMaybe it was the excitement of the new century.  But, on hearing that Charles G D Roberts was staying in New York, the normally shy artist put together a portfolio of his best work and set out to meet the popular Canadian wildlife writer, introducing himself at the door by saying that he wanted to be Robert’s illustrator.

Roberts was impressed by the 27-year old’s artwork, and took him personally to meet his American editors, telling them that Bull was the perfect man to illustrate his new book in production, THE KINDRED OF THE WILD: A Book of Animal Life.

KINDRED OF THE WILD quickly became an acclaimed best seller, showcasing a writer at the height of his power — and a young artist of great skill.

And Bull’s work was soon appearing in publications such as Outing Magazine, Boy’s Life, The Country Gentleman, Collier’s, Country Life in America, The Saturday Evening Post and Sunday Magazine.

When he began to get commissions to illustrate the books of other best selling authors like  Rudyard Kipling, Jack London (first editions of THE CALL OF THE WILD and WHITE FANG) and Frank Baum, his career blossomed.

Charles Bull began to travel further afield in search of wildlife studies.

Having a keen interest in birds, from helping with early bird-banding plans to supporting projects to save the endangered Bald Eagle, he studied every bird with a noticeable enthusiasm.

He was able to take annual trips to Canada, where he saw animals in the wild, capturing their drama and the wilderness where they lived.   When on these trips, he would stay still for hours with his binoculars, watching a bird on its solitary perch, or a mammal quietly going about its routines of seeking food or water.




With his sketches, he would return to his studio…

“Sometimes when I take a story to illustrate, I make an outline of an animal, then go to a zoo and sit by the cage of that lion, tiger or whatever it is. I watch him closely as he walks, leaps, crouches, and from his positions I correct my outline and then carry it home to be filled in. My working hours are probably the craziest in the world for I begin at four in the afternoon and work until two the next morning.”

And, in a time of richly illustrated magazines and books, he gained a popular following among readers, writers and fellow artists.  His wildlife art evolved into something uniquely vital and dramatic. [6]

As art historian Priscilla Anne Lowry has written, Bull was inspired by “the traditions of Japanese woodblock prints and the English Aesthetic; the Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau, and particularly the bold yet sinuous drawings of Aubrey Beardsley, Bull established an attractive style of linear and tonal compositions.” [7]




In 1910, Charles Bull and his wife Fanny Elizabeth moved to Oradell, New Jersey, where he established a home with a new art studio on two acres of field and trees, filled with animals, both domestic and wild.  His menagerie included ducks, geese, turkeys, peacocks, sheep, and assorted species of fish.

For a while, he even had a herd of deer there. c-bull-deer2

And did some of his best work as America’s most beloved wildlife artist.   Not one for many interviews, and avoiding public events, he gained the rep of being a “reclusive artist.”  While not as shy or retiring as fellow wildlife artist German-born J C Leyendecker, Charles did prefer the private life of a quiet, peaceful country gentleman.

A neighbour referred to him as “a quiet, totally abstracted, very pleasant man who never said anything and who lived for his work and his animals.”

Later published artwork included magazine illustrations for popular authors like Edgar Rice Burroughs (TARZAN THE UNTAMED, Red Book Magazine, March to August, 1919) as well as dramatic covers and illustrations for hardcover books such as OLD CROW AND HIS FRIENDS by Katharine B Judson, FLASH THE LEAD DOG and THE HEART OF THE KING-DOG both by George Marsh, SILVERSHEENE, KING OF LEAD DOGS by Clarence Hawks, ROWDY AN ALASKAN DOG STORY by Robert Joseph Driven, WOOD-FOLK COMEDIES by William J Long and LORDS OF THE WILD by Samuel Scoville.

He’s still remembered and revered — especially by those of us who first saw his wildlife artwork in their original format: treasured old outdoor magazines and faded hardcover books. [8]

As his friend and fellow naturalist Beecher S Bowdish wrote, Charles Livingston Bull “much preferred watching the wild creatures alive than dead, so he didn’t often use a gun.  He was always looking for the beauty of the beautiful and I have heard many say that it was this trait that made him so delightful a companion in the field.  He was gentleness and kindness itself and the most unselfish of men…”

He is still remembered.


To see more of Charles Livingston Bull’s artwork, go to “The Bear That Thought He Was A Dog” A Complete Short Story by Sir Charles G D Roberts

==>> To see more about my favourite Writers and Artists of the Wilderness and the Northlands, go to THE LIFE AND WORKS OF BRIAN ALAN BURHOE  Right Here, Mon Ami!




NOTE: All of Charles Bull’s artwork on this page illustrates writings of Sir Charles G D Roberts.

[1] Or maybe because all Animal Stories are filed away on the Children’s Literature shelves — whether Beatrice Potter or Jack London.

[2] As I later came to love the cover art and illustrations of artists like Emsh (Ed Emshwiller), Jack Gaughan, Roy G Krenkel and Frank Frazetta.


[4] Leroy Vincent, Boy’s Life, Dec 1928, page 38

[5] BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES OF SOME WELL-KNOWN AUTHORS AND ILLUSTRATORS, by Samuel G Goodrich, page 19.  Published by Penn Publishing Company, Philadelphia, 1929.

[6] To me, as a boy, only Canadian Hal Foster matched Bull in inspired artwork.  I remember a scene in a Prince Valiant Weekend comic strip (in a neighbour’s scrapbook collection of pages older than I was) when Val was travelling on a Viking longboat down a forest-edged river in what would someday be Canada.  So real were Foster’s drawings that I swore I could smell the firwood forest and hear the creak of the longboat’s rigging and timbers.  I was there.

mama-bear-baby-bears-charles-livingston-bull[7] “CL Bull’s monochromatic style of rendering the animal in the natural setting with charcoal and ink on paper — the perfect medium for reproduction as a halftone for book illustration — all but established illustrated wildlife writing and the illustrated animal story as the most popular genre of the early twentieth century, and CL Bull was the chosen animal illustrator for many writers.” – Priscilla Anne Lowry,

[8] In 2010, the National Museum of Wildlife Art created the Bull-Bransom Award in honour of Charles Livingston Bull and Paul Bransom, “who were among the first and finest American artist-illustrators to specialize in wildlife subjects. The Bull-Bransom Award is given annually to recognize excellence in the field of children’s book illustration with a focus on nature and wildlife.”  A distinguished award, of course, but continues the modern tendency of pigeonholing most Animal writing and art on the Children’s Shelf.


Charles Livingston Bull, Wildlife Artist




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Wolf Whelps & Lead Dogs: Tribute to George Marsh, Wilderness Writer

Wolf Whelps & Lead Dogs: Tribute to Wilderness Writer George Marsh



I must have been age nine when the kindly older couple next door gave me a copy of George Marsh’s THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF.

We had been back in Canada almost two years at that time.  First, their dog Pal had befriended me, following me around after school and all of one golden summer, until we moved not too far away to the Golden Grove Road.  “Come in, Brian,” they would say, and in our talks, they discovered that I was enthralled by wilderness writers like Sir Charles G D Roberts, Jack London and Grey Owl, whose works I had found in the school library.  I had asked for Grey Owl’s books for Christmas — it didn’t matter if they were used.

As word got around, that couple and others would give me old and faded (but treasured) books written by almost forgotten writers of Northern romantic adventures.  Writers like James Oliver Curwood, Ralph Conner, James B Hendryx, Gilbert Parker and H A Cody.  They were pleased that a kid of the new generation revered their beloved writers of what to me seemed a long-ago and lost age. [1]

James O Curwood got mixed reviews from me.   Even at a young age, I found some of his story lines corny and overly romanticized.  But KAZAN THE WOLF DOG as well as THE GRIZZLY KING and NOMADS OF THE NORTH became lifetime faves.

Flash-Lead-Dog-George-MarshBut of them all, it was three writers (a Canadian raised in the Northwoods of my native New Brunswick — an Englishman who became a Red Indian who later charmed a young Princess Elizabeth — and an American who was an avid canoeist and Northcountry wanderer) who enthralled me the most, taking me into the living heart of the mythic Northlands: Charles G D Roberts, Archie Grey Owl and George Marsh.  And, as savage as that land was, I wanted to live those adventures with them

With George Marsh, first it was FLASH THE LEAD DOG, which I had read as a library lend.  And then his THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF, a gift.

The hard covers of the latter book were a faded red and kind of loose, which just added to the sense of entering a lost Canadian age.  This old book was a doorway into our nation’s past.  The word WOLF promised a CALL OF THE WILD kind of yarn, and so it was.  On opening THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF, I was surprised at the artist: I had thought that Charles Livingston Bull illustrated ALL Northern novels, including the end papers and frontispiece of FLASH.  But this artist was called Frank E Schoonover.  New guy to me.

As with all of his stories, George Marsh began WHELPS by taking me right into the Northcountry: “The solitudes of the East Coast had shaken off the grip of the long snows. A thousand streams and rivers choked with snow water from bleak Ungava hills plunged and foamed and raced into the west, seeking the salt Hudson’s Bay, the ‘Big Water’ of the Crees. In the lakes the honeycombed ice was daily fading under the strengthening sun. Already, here and there the buds of the willows reddened the river shores…”

And then he introduced our hero, making him a part of that country: “And one day, with the spring, returned Jean Marcel from his camp on the Ghost, the northernmost tributary of the Great Whale to the bald ridge, where, in March, he had seen the sun glitter on a broad expanse of level snow unbroken by trees, in the hills to the north. His eyes had not deceived him. The lake was there.”

And that, my friend, was what endeared me to George Marsh.   His heroes are a bit bigger than life, yes, but somehow like us.  I seemed to know these people.  And they lived in a land of seasons, of waterways and woodlands, of geese and ducks, and salmon and trout — wolves, foxes, caribou, wolverines, lynxes, snow shoe rabbits and sleepy, hungry bears and wild, loyal wolf dogs.  Marsh knew this land intimately.  It was the central character of his writings: every living thing was connected, and the changing seasons affected everyone.  Indeed, I’ve only found three writers since who could write as powerfully about the affect that nature’s seasons have on our human life and soul: Knut Hamsun, Henry Williamson and Farley Mowat.


George Tracy Marsh was born on August 9, 1876, in Lansingburgh, a town on the east bank of the Hudson River, New York State.  His father was Pelatiah James Marsh.  His mother was Lelia E Tracy.  George had an older sister, Mary Ada Marsh, who was born six years before him.

He later said that growing up on the Hudson River had played an essential role in his development.  “I lived most of my boyhood in canoe and shell, but slept and ate at home,” he explained in one interview. [2]


“At that remote period, the Adirondacks had not been converted into a glorified country club for New Yorkers, and I spent many summers camping and fishing in country which now resembles a hand-made rest-cure for millionaires, tailored by captive stage carpenters and scenic specialists; a land, alas! where, now, the only ‘voices of the night’ are those of bridge players, and flappers cooling off between dances.”

His young adult life became one of canoeing and studying law.  “Finishing at Williston, I went to Yale, where I was captain of the freshman crew, later going to Poughkeepsie and to the Henley Regatta with the varsity. Studying law at Harvard, I have since practiced in Providence.  During the war, I served in the Infantry and the Air Service, and was detailed to attend the sittings of the Aeronautical Commission of the Peace Conference.”  He refers, of course, to the First World War.

On September 30, 1915, he married Eva Corliss Weeden, who remained the love of his life.  They lived in Providence, Rhode Island.  They had one daughter, Carol.

“Since the Adirondack days,” Marsh said, “I have hunted and fished in Canada, from western Labrador to Keewatin. Much of the background of my tales is familiar country — river valleys I have traveled, Hudson’s Bay posts whose hospitality I have known.”

In 1906, he traveled into the same old growth pine forests and wild rivers of the Temagami and Temiskaming regions of Northern Ontario that a young Englishman who would soon be named Grey Owl was also discovering. This trip inspired some of Marsh’s early writing for magazines like Scribner’s (including his stirring ballad THE OLD CANOE in 1908) and Outing Magazine.

“In the summer of 1909 I went with a half-breed Cree to the headwaters of the great Albany River, a stream longer than the Ohio, and followed it 600 miles to Hudson’s Bay.  We spent a month on the coast of the great salt bay of the north and saw the immense flights of geese and duck in September.”

As he wrote in an article titled “The Albany Trail To James Bay: Thirteen Hundred Miles By Canoe” (Scribner’s Magazine, April, 1912),  “We had not run many rapids before we realized that our Maine canoes were unfitted for travelling on the great northern rivers. Although very light and easy-running, they were altogether too small for this kind of work, as invariably we shipped water in the ‘boilers’ at the foot of all big rapids…

“A hundred miles up this wild river, which races most of the time, we paddled, poled, and tracked to New Post, where we found Mr. Sidney Barrett, the factor, the most genial and interesting of men. A day with Barrett and we pushed on past autumn woods in the thrall of the Indian Summer, picking up a young moose and racing with a bear on the way. There was snow in the air of the late October afternoon on which we paddled up to the crossing of the new Grand Trunk Pacific, and our days of hardship and delight in the silent places were ended.”

Out of this and similar trips through the wild Canadian Northlands, Marsh crafted his popular fiction.

Using his full name, he published some short pieces and poems in local magazines like The Forum (“Night In The Hospital,” October, 1909).  In 1910, he changed the “Tracy” to a “T” and was publishing poems, short stories and articles in popular publications like The Outing Magazine (May 1910 “The Voyageurs”) and Scribner’s (May, 1916 “The Quest of Narcisse Lablanche”).

By the early 1920s, he had dropped the middle initial, publishing what would be his most popular works under the name of “George Marsh,” in American magazines like Adventure Novels and Short Stories, The Popular Magazine, Short Stories, Complete Northwest Novel Magazine, Blue Book Magazine and Red Book Magazine. [3]

Marsh’s first published book was TOILERS OF THE TRAILS (1921), a collection of short stories. [4]

And then, in 1923, he published THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF.

This story of Jean Marcel was one of a young French Canadien voyageur finding his place in his world, and winning the love of Julie Breton.  The story of Jean Marcel was also the story of an Ungava husky he buys as a pup and names Fleur.   There’s a shortage of good sled dogs in the area and he knows he must build a superior dog team for a successful future.  When Fleur is stolen, he ignores the advice of cooler heads and hunts down the thieves in a canoe chase, killing one of the thieves in self defense.

Later, when he and his hunting partners have run out of food far out in the wilderness (in what the Northern Cree call the Month of the Starving Moon), one of those partners threatens to slaughter Fleur and eat her.  Jean leaves with his husky.  This is a story of love and loyalty, and they save each other’s lives.

Only briefly does Fleur leave Jean, for a few days in April — and that is to mate with a wolf.  “Fleur leave Jean Marcel for de wolf!  Ah,” he realizes, “Eet ees de spreeng!”  And the Ungava husky returns to him.

And the story ends, “…before repairing with their friends to the Mission House, where the groaning table awaited them, Julie and Jean Marcel, accompanied by Fleur, went to the stockade. Three gray noses thrust through the pickets whined a welcome.  Three gigantic, wolfish huskies met them at the gate with wild yelps and the mad swishing of tails. Then the happy Jean and Julie gave the whelps of the wolf their share of the wedding feast.”

The book was a hit.  Marsh had blended archetypal Canadian characters like the proud, quick-tempered French Canadien voyageurs, wily Scottish factors, greedy Easterners, tough wilderness-wise First Nations people — along with the savage wolf dogs and wild rivers and forever forests — with his own experiences and discoveries of the Northcountry.

The success and popularity of WHELPS OF THE WOLF led to a demand for more Northwestern fiction from him.  And for almost two decades, Marsh responded.

Heart-of-King-Dog-George MarshIf Jack London caught so powerfully the violence and tragedy of the North Country; and James Oliver Curwood, the romance and adventure; and James B Hendryx, the exciting exploits of Mounties and outlaws; and Grey Owl, the endangered living forests and the creatures that inhabited them; then George Marsh caught the spirit of the Land itself — the forests and waterways, the wildlife, the people who were part of it all…

George Marsh died on August 13, 1945, in Providence, RI, the day before VJ Day.

Dieu vous benisseM’sieu le voyageur!

“But my days are done where the lean wolves run,
And I ripple no more the path
Where the gray geese race cross the red moon’s face
From the white wind’s Arctic wrath…”

To read more by George Marsh, and hear a new rendition of his beloved ballad, go to THE OLD CANOE – A Classic Canadian Song by George Marsh


==>> To see more about my favourite writers of the Wilderness and the Northlands, go to THE LIFE AND WORKS OF BRIAN ALAN BURHOE  Right Here, Mon Ami!

==>> And be sure to read my popular online short story WOLFBLOOD, a Northwestern yarn in the Jack London and George Marsh Tradition at WOLFBLOOD: A Wild Wolf, A Half-Wild Husky, & A Wily Old Trapper


– Brian Alan Burhoe


[1] And, these many years later, I’ve still got most of ’em.  And continue to collect any old book set in our Great North Woods.

[2] BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES OF SOME WELL-KNOWN AUTHORS AND ILLUSTRATORS, by Samuel G Goodrich, page 60.  Published by Penn Publishing Company, Philadelphia, 1929.

[3] Recently, THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF has been issued as an individual ebook (as of this writing, it’s available for free through Amazon Kindle) and a Createspace paperback, both editions wrongly attributed to “George P Marsh.”

George Perkins Marsh (1801-1882) was a different writer, considered to be America’s first major environmentalist.  Following the lead of the traditional German conservative land owners fighting the destruction of the Black Forest by the new liberal Progressive industrialists, George Perkins Marsh identified Deforestation as a major danger to the living world.  He pointed out that in parts of Asia, northern Africa, southern Europe and Palestine “causes set in action by Man has brought the face of the earth to a desolation almost as complete as that of the Moon.”

His books MAN AND NATURE (1864) and THE EARTH AS MODIFIED BY HUMAN ACTION (1874) greatly influenced later conservationists such as Teddy Roosevelt.  And 150 years later, the man’s perception proves right on: Deforestation IS the single greatest cause of modern Climate Change and eco-collapse.  Plant a tree!

The editors of a new essential collection of his books titled WORKS OF GEORGE PERKINS MARSH (released by The Perfect Library in Kobo and Kindle editions in 2013) have also mistakenly added THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF to George Perkins’ canon.

[4] George Marsh’s published books are:

Toilers of the Trails (1921)
The Whelps of the Wolf (1923)
The Valley of Voices (1924)
Men Marooned (1925)
Flash the Lead Dog (1927)
Under Frozen Stars (1928)
The Heart of the King-Dog (1929)
Sled Trails and White Waters (1929)
Three Little Ojibwas (1930)
Vanished Men (1931)
The River of Skulls (1936)
White Silence (1938)
Ask No Quarter (1945)

Some of his best short stories are:

Out of the Mist (The Century Magazine, April, 1917)
The Valley of the Windigo (Scribner’s Magazine, June, 1917)
Breed of the Wolf (The Popular Magazine, Jan 20, 1922)
McCleod’s Partner (Red Book Magazine, Jan, 1922)
The Honor of Hugh Garth (Short Stories, Nov 25, 1925)
A Question of Loyalty (The Popular Magazine, June 16, 1928)
The Knife That Burned (The Popular Magazine, June 1, 1929)
The Vengeance of Black Fox (Red Book Magazine, Sept, 1935)
The Twilight of André Girard (Complete Northwest Novel Magazine, Aug, 1936)
Ungava Gold (Blue Book Magazine, Nov, 1936)
Watchdogs of the Northwest (Adventure Novels and Short Stories, Sept, 1939)


Wolf Whelps & Lead Dogs: Tribute to George Marsh, Wilderness Writer

Keywords: annotated bibliography, book list, book review, books, George Marsh bibliography, George Marsh Writer, Great Northwoods, Ungava Huskies

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The Old Canoe – A Classic Canadian Song by George Marsh


The Old Canoe




The canoe is a characteristic and iconic Canadian cultural symbol.

Our inland waterways were our first highways: we travelled by boat and canoe in summer, often by snowshoe or even dogsled over frozen rivers and lakes during winter.  In the spring came the dramatic log drives: lumberjacks driving logs and timber rafts downriver to the towns.

First Nations people, early European explorers and French-Canadian Voyageurs travelled our waterways from Atlantic Canada to the shores of the Pacific and Arctic Oceans.

And we loved it.

Grey Owl once wrote, “Give me a good canoe, a pair of Jibway snowshoes, my beaver, my family and 10,000 square miles of wilderness and I am happy.”

Avid canoeist and former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau wrote, “Travel a thousand miles by train and you are a brute — paddle a hundred miles in a canoe and you are already a child of nature.”  It’s a quote you’ll often find proudly hanging framed on the wood panelled walls of our nation’s canoe and boating clubs.

As Justin Trudeau has since said, “My Dad taught us Trudeau boys how to paddle a canoe pretty much as soon as we could walk…” [1]


Although they may never have met, American George Marsh and the young Englishman Archie Belaney both first traveled the forest paths and waterways of the Temiskaming area of Northern Ontario around 1906.  They both fell in love with this North Woods land of wildlife, evergreens, lakes and rivers.  Both would later spill their love and experiences of this haunting wilderness into the written word.  Marsh, as a poet,  short story writer and novelist, would catch the rough romance of the Northcountry.  And Belaney, known as Grey Owl, would gain worldwide fame as the chronicler of its endangered wildlife.

And both became favourites of mine in boyhood.

George Marsh started by publishing poems in Scribner’s Magazine, like his impassioned IN THE ZOO:

See! there a golden eagle broods
With glazed, unseeing eyes
That never more will sweep the snows
Where blue Sierras rise…

What dreams of silent polar nights
Disturb the white bear’s sleep?
Roams he once more unfettered, where
Eternal ice-floes sweep?

George would go on to write such popular Northwestern novels as FLASH THE LEAD DOG and THE WHELPS OF THE WOLF.

His beloved poem THE OLD CANOE first appeared in Scribner’s Magazine (October 1908) and was reprinted at the beginning of his first book, TOILERS OF THE TRAILS (1921), where I first read it, having found the old book in a little second hand shop.  And it became a favourite ballad of mine, along with Frederick George Scott’s THE UNNAMED LAKE and Robert W Service’s CLANCY OF THE MOUNTED POLICE.

We’ve long celebrated the Canoe in artwork, story and song.  Listen…


THE OLD CANOE – A Classic Canadian Song by George Marsh

My seams gape wide so I’m tossed aside
To rot on a lonely shore
While the leaves and mould like a shroud enfold,
For the last of my trails are o’er;
But I float in dreams on Northland streams
That never again I’ll see,
As I lie on the marge of the old portage
With grief for company.

When the sunset gilds the timbered hills
That guard Timagami,
And the moonbeams play on far James Bay
By the brink of the frozen sea,
In phantom guise my Spirit flies
As the dream blades dip and swing
Where the waters flow from the Long Ago
In the spell of the beck’ning spring.

Do the cow-moose call on the Montreal
When the first frost bites the air,
And the mists unfold from the red and gold
That the autumn ridges wear?
When the white falls roar as they did of yore
On the Lady Evelyn,
Do the square-tail leap from the black pools deep
Where the pictured rocks begin?

Oh! the fur-fleets sing on Temiskaming
As the ashen paddles bend,
And the crews carouse at Rupert House
At the sullen winter’s end;
But my days are done where the lean wolves run,
And I ripple no more the path
Where the gray geese race cross the red moon’s face
From the white wind’s Arctic wrath.

Tho’ the death fraught way from the Saguenay
To the storied Nipigon
Once knew me well, now a crumbling shell
I watch the years roll on,
While in memory’s haze I live the days
That forever are gone from me,
As I rot on the marge of the old portage
With grief for company.


In 2005, Marsh’s THE OLD CANOE was put to music by D Bain, for the album SONGS FOR WILDERNESS.  Adapting the second, fourth and fifth verses, D Bain, A Marcon, Maddog Bob and R Munn have recreated one of the great old Canadian ballads.  When asked about “missing a verse,” they replied, “Yep…knew that….couldn’t get past ‘the cow moose’ line without breaking up…so we left it out!”

To hear their rendition, go to THE OLD CANOE…   A great Canadian Camp Song!  You’ll love it!

To read more about the life and literary works of George Marsh, go to Wolf Whelps & Lead Dogs: Tribute to George Marsh, Wilderness Writer

==>> To see more about my favourite writers of the Wilderness and the Northlands, go to THE LIFE AND WORKS OF BRIAN ALAN BURHOE  Right Here, Mon Ami!




“A One Smoke Spell” by Arthur Heming

NOTE ON ARTWORK: The painting at the top of this page — “On Leapt the Canoe Like a Runaway” — is by Frank E Schoonover, 1924, illustrating a story by George Marsh.  The lower painting is by Canadian artist Arthur Heming, capturing voyageurs of the Fur Brigade taking a smoke break in their six fathom canoes after hours of hard paddling.  “The soft rich voices of the crews blended as they quietly chatted and joked…”

[1]  From a campaign speech delivered in Vancouver, British Columbia, by Justin Trudeau.  Justin went on to say, “And like many Canadians, I’ve spent loads of summer nights out under the stars, beside a campfire, getting eaten alive — my Dad never believed in bug spray.  But I’ve always believed that when it comes to our environment, we Canadians get it.  We appreciate its beauty, understand its dangers and know its value.”

In an article for Cottage Life, Justin wrote: “When we hit five or six years old, our dad would put us into the canoe and we’d shoot the rapids on the stream that went down into Meech Lake. There’s a little dam there, and in the spring they’d open the dam, and there would be a huge V and a standing wave. With much trepidation, we’d sit in the front and go down the drop. I look back on it now and laugh, because my father was sterning, and there was nothing I could do from the bow to aim it right—but it was very, very important for us to do it. To get into the bow of a canoe with my father for the first time, to be the bowman for the first time, and to go down this big, scary rapid.”  Cottage Life: Justin Trudeau reflects on his lifelong love affair with the canoe


The Old Canoe – A Classic Canadian Song by George Marsh

Keywords: George Marsh, Grey Owl, Justin Trudeau quote, Mounted Police, Robert W Service, snowshoes, Temiskaming, The Old Canoe, wooden canoe

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The Polar Bear: From Nanook of the North to Knut the Baby Polar Bear


Of Polar Bears. As the Water Rises, Their Prospects Fall.


You may have heard of Senator Nicole Eaton’s recent suggestion to re-designate Canada’s National Animal from the industrious Beaver to the mighty Polar Bear.  It’s a cultural change with which I heartily agree!  The Polar Bear should be Canada’s National Animal.  Polar Bears rock!

It’s only been three and a half centuries since Civilized Humans blundered their way into the high Arctic, and in just those few years have brought mass destruction not only to the polar bears themselves, but to the very world they live in (for the very same reasons, the beloved Penguins of Antarctica are also facing brutal extinction).

From the early portrayals of savage Nanook (the native Inuit word for “Sea Bear”) to the latest protests by animal rights activists over the treatment of orphan polar bear cub Knut in the Berlin Zoo, our concepts of the giant white bear of the Arctic have changed.


Here, from Dr. Jeffrey Lant, is a stirring Guest Blog on our true National Animal:  “Of Polar Bears. As the Water Rises, Their Prospects Fall.

What music is appropriate for the undoubted decline and possible demise of one of the grandest creatures on earth — Ursus maritimus — the Polar Bear?

I have selected Edvard Grieg’s 1867 masterpiece “From the Hall of the Mountain King”, for this is the story of a race of kings, sovereigns all, ruling over a land of snow and ice… a land now melting, imperiling these princes of the North… whose prospects for survival wane as the sea waters around them rise, a rise which threatens human kind, too.

This is their story… and we must heed it for they are not threatened alone. You’ll find Grieg’s suite in any search engine. Find it now… and listen to its evocative, enigmatic sound. This sound will endure…. but will the polar bears whose tale I tell this day?

The seas at the top of the world are rising, rising…

While politicians argue about cause and effect, the undeniable fact of global warming and rising seas is beyond cavil and dispute. Sea level has been rising significantly over the past century, according to a newly released study that offers the most detailed look yet at the changes in ocean levels during the past 2,100 years.

Researcher Benjamin Horton, director of the Sea Level Research Laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania, found that since the late 19th century — as the world’s industrialization intensified — sea level has risen more than 2 millimeters per year on average. That’s a bit less than one-tenth of an inch… a small amount that signals death for polar bears… and chaos for seaside humans, drip by inexorable drip. It’s all about rising temperatures.

Rising sea levels are among the hazards that rightly concern environmentalists and progressive governments with increasing global temperatures caused by greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels like coal and oil over the last century or so.

The heat generated works to steadily melt some of the millions of tons of ice piled up on land in Greenland, Antarctica, and elsewhere. Such melting raises ocean levels and this, in turn, raises the possibility of major flooding in highly populated coastal cities and greater storm damage in oceanfront communities.

Polar bears must swim further and further for food…

Researcher Anthony Pagano, a US Geological Survey biologist, at the International Bear Association Conference, has, in his newly released study, made it clear what happens to polar bears as the snow melts and the seas rise. He identified and studied 50 long- distance swims by adult female polar bears between 2004 and 2009 in the southern Beaufort and Chukchi seas.

“Climate change is pulling the sea ice out from under polar bears’ feet, forcing some to swim longer distances to find food and habitat,” said Geoff York, a polar bear expert at the World Wildlife Fund who coauthored the study.

And the cubs simply fall off…

York said polar bears, tracked by satellite devices, routinely swim 10 miles or more for food, principally the seals they dote on and devour. But as the seas rise, these distances increase. Twenty bears in the survey swam more than 30 miles at a time. The longest-distance swim was 426 miles; the longest-lasting swim was 12.7 days, with a few brief breaks on drift ice.

All this is bad enough, but here’s the tragic element: eleven of the bears that swam long distances had young cubs when researchers attached the tracking collars. Five of those mothers lost their cubs while swimming… and thus the breed and its prospects are diminished…

Facts about the threatened polar bears, majestic, now vulnerable.

The polar bear, universally admired, is the world’s largest land carnivore and also the largest bear, together with the omnivorous Kodiak bear, which is approximately the same size. An adult male weighs around 350-680 kg (770-1,500 lb), while an adult female is about half the size.

Although it is closely related to the brown bear, it has evolved to occupy a narrower ecological niche, with many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice, and open water, and for hunting the seals, which make up most of its diet.

The polar bear is classified as a vulnerable species, with eight of the 19 polar bear subpopulations in decline. Researchers estimate there are 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears worldwide; they are listed as threatened under the US Endangered Species Act.

“Nanook of the North.”

Over the course of uncounted centuries, the intricate, necessary symbiosis between the polar elements, the polar bear (one of the most famous bears) and Inuit and other indigenous peoples of the North has slowly, carefully evolved. The Northern people revered the bear whose flesh they enjoyed… they called the polar bear “Nanook”… and took the name proudly for themselves.

In 1920, Robert J. Flaherty made one of the first — and most celebrated — documentaries of the silent film era, Nanook of the North, calling it “A Story of Life and Love In the Actual Arctic.” In the tradition of what would later be called “salvage ethnography”, Flaherty captured (and some critics said staged) the struggles of the Inuk Nanook and his family in the Arctic region of Northern Quebec.

Nanook of the North was released in 1922 to worldwide acclaim.  In his honor, the Government of Canada named an island in the Hudson Bay Flaherty Island.

In 1989, this Canadian film was one of the first 25 films selected for preservation in the United States Registry by the Library of Congress as being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.”

But the human Nanook, though most assuredly a predator of the ursine Nanook, was never a problem, for he took only what he needed… and was never wanton. He never forgot he needed Nanook. No, he is not the problem, though human kind as a whole most assuredly is. For we as a genus are thoughtless, careless always anxious to shift the guilt, the burden, the responsibility to others for what we have done.

And what’s terrible about this so sad situation is this: we know what to do and when and how to do it. We know the polar bear facts.  We don’t need more learned studies; for studies about the future of the polar bear and its irrevocably changing environment are frequent, thorough, detailed, and unanswerable. We need action… before this matter becomes, like the histories of so many other species, academic.

But, for now, let us end as we began, with Edvard Grieg, master of unsurpassed, haunting melody. A creature of the North, knowing Winter well, he cherished the fleeting glories of Spring. In this spirit, he composed something so beautiful it is painful to listen to. He called it “Last Spring”, and you must go to any search engine now to play it. Let it fill your heart with compassion for the great creatures now completely at the mercy of their greatest predators, us. Let us pray that this song of soul by Grieg remains great music only and that there is no “Last Spring” for Ursus maritimus, beloved of man, dying through the works of man.

For where shall we find your like again; You who thrilled us so?

Where shall we look when you are gone you who have been made by God?

When you are gone who will care for why when your great heart beats no more?

God will know…… but He will not say for we who were bade to cherish failed you.

So now we lament… too late Now we shall know you not and nevermore.

Never to play again under the great Northern Lights once your heaven.

Where then have you gone? You whom we loved, and failed…

– Dr. Jeffrey Lant.  Says Dr. Lant, “I’ve been blessed in my life. No question about it. But, as Browning said, ‘the best is yet to come.’ That’s why EVERY morning, I’m up early, ready to dig into my email and see who I can help today…”  Jeffrey’s books can be found on

The artwork at the top of page is by Charles Livingston Bull, illustrating the short story THE SUMMONS OF THE NORTH by Sir Charles G D Roberts.

==>> And you’ve got to see my controversial post What is Canada’s National Animal? The Polar Bear!



lone-wolf-storyDo you love wild animal tales?




WOLFBLOOD, a Northwestern yarn in the Jack London Tradition, Free to Read ==> CLICK HERE  WOLFBLOOD: A Wild Wolf, A Half-Wild Husky & A Wily Old Trapper



What is Polar Bear Day?  When is Polar Bear Day?  International Polar Bear Day (IPBD) is held on every February 27th worldwide — an attempt to reveal the dire situation of our Polar Bears and their environment — and our continued attempt to save them.

The Polar Bear: From Nanook of the North to Knut the Baby Polar Bear

Keywords: animal rights, Canadian, civilized bears, the polar bear, knut, nanook, baby polar bear, knut polar bear, polar bears, endangered species, famous bears, penguins, polar bear facts


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“People know I like to sing,” Country music legend Kenny Rogers once said. “What they don’t know is I like to cook or better yet, enjoy good food. To me, our ROASTERS chicken is the best!”

Kenny started his down-home Roasters Restaurants in the early 90’s, and when one opened in Halifax, it became our favorite eatery when Mary Lee and I visited the Big City.

In just a few years, his menu had expanded to include Kenny Rogers Roasters chicken, cooked in those wonderful wood-fire rotisseries, as well as fresh-made side dishes, rotisserie turkey breast, honey-bourbon barbecue ribs, pita sandwiches, soups and salads. Other popular items included Miami Subs, their incredible Kenny Rogers Fire-And-Ice Chili and their vanilla muffins.

But by the turn of the century, his ROASTERS chain was in financial trouble. Putting out genuine home-style meals in what too many customers seemed to consider a fast-food market, was costing them. In what, to me, is one of the saddest events in the Great Food industry, Kenny was forced to close a whole lot of his outlets in Canada and the U.S.

And here’s the kicker: although the restaurant chain lost fans in Kenny’s homeland, there are still hundreds of popular much-loved Kenny Rogers Roasters open around the world, where Kenny’s music also remains popular.

You’ll still find them in the Far East Pacific Region, in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Brunei… In fact, Kenny Rogers Roasters is one of the fastest growing restaurant chains along the Pacific Rim.

Why are they still going great worldwide? Because of the quality! Remember it? Remember that country kitchen smell of real cooking chicken when you walked in the door?

>>> So if you can’t travel to Kuala Lumpur for a taste of Kenny’s popular “East Meets West” chicken – if you want to prepare a delicious meal to impress family, friends or even a hot date, here are this ol’ cook’s recreations of Kenny Rogers Roaster’s most popular recipes of all time…


–Kenny Rogers Roasted Chicken–

1 whole chicken

1/2 cup rock salt

2 tablespoons calamansi juice (Key Lime juice is a good substitute)

1/4 cup soy sauce

1/4 cup corn oil

2 tablespoons chili ketchup

2 teaspoons well-pounded garlic

1/2 teaspoon pepper mill grind black pepper

1/4 teaspoon mustard


Rub the chicken with rock salt. Rinse and pat dry. Place the chicken in a bowl.

Add the rest of the ingredients and let stand in the refrigerator for at least 8 – 24 hours.

Cook slowly, basting with the remaining marinade from time to time.

>> If you don’t have a chicken rotisserie, it’s actually worth getting one. The electric ones don’t cost that much – and the result is healthy and downright delicious. However, you can certainly still cook ‘er up proud in the oven! Either way, you’re going to get the best old timey Country Cooking can provide.


–Kenny Rogers Roasters BBQ Sauce–

1 cup Applesauce

1/2 cup Heinz ketchup

1 1/4 cups Light brown sugar, packed

6 tablespoons Lemon juice

Salt and pepper

1/2 teaspoon Paprika

1/2 teaspoon Garlic salt

1/2 teaspoon Cinnamon.


In heavy saucepan bring mixture to boil.

Stir constantly about 4 to 5 minutes. Turn heat to low and continue to stir (about 3 to 5 minutes) making sure sugar is completely dissolved.

Allow to cook without stirring for 15 minutes on lowest possible heat, uncovered. Transfer to top of double boiler over simmering water if to be used as a basting sauce for ribs or chicken during baking; or cool sauce and refrigerate covered to use in 30 days.

This BBQ Sauce freezes well.


–Kenny Rogers Corn Muffins–

1/2 cup vegetable oil

1/4 cup honey

1 tablespoon Grey Poupon Dijon mustard (if you prefer, honey mustard makes a sweeter substitute)

1 teaspoon ketchup

1 teaspoon granulated sugar

1/4 teaspoon paprika

1/4 teaspoon salt

1/8 teaspoon ground black pepper

1/8 teaspoon garlic powder

1/8 teaspoon onion powder

2 1/2 tablespoons white vinegar

1/2 teaspoon concentrated hickory liquid smoke flavoring

1/4 teaspoon lemon juice

1 egg yolk

1 teaspoon water.


Preheat oven to 400 degrees.

Cream together butter, sugar, honey, eggs and salt in a large bowl. Add flour, cornmeal and baking powder and blend thoroughly. Add milk while mixing. Add corn to mixture and combine by hand until corn is worked in.

Grease a 12-cup muffin pan and fill each cup with batter.

Bake for 20-25 minutes or until muffins begin to turn brown on top.

Or Try…


–Kenny Rogers Fire-And-Ice Chili–

1 20-ounce can pineapple chunks in syrup

2 pounds lean boneless pork roast cut into 1-inch cubes

2 tablespoons olive oil

1 medium yellow onion chopped (1/2 cup)

1 clove garlic minced

1 28-ounce can tomatoes cut up

1 6-ounce can tomato paste

1 4-ounce can diced green chili peppers drained

1 green pepper chopped 3/4 cup)

1 medium yellow onion chopped (1/2 cup)

2 cloves garlic minced

1/4 cup chili powder

4 teaspoons ground cumin

1 to 3 tablespoons seeded and finely chopped jalapeno pepper

1/2 teaspoon salt

Chili toppers: sliced onions, sour cream, shredded cheddar cheese.


1. Drain pineapple, reserving juice.

2. In a Dutch oven, cook pork, half at a time, in hot olive oil till brown. Return all the meat to the pot. Add the first chopped onion and 1 clove garlic. Cook over medium heat till onion is tender, stirring occasionally.

3. Add the reserved pineapple syrup, undrained tomatoes, tomato paste, green chili peppers, the green pepper, 1 onion, 2 cloves garlic, chili powder, cumin, jalapeno pepper and salt.

4. Bring to boiling. Reduce heat. Cover and simmer the chili for 1 1/2 hours, stirring occasionally. Add the pineapple chunks. Cover and simmer for 30 minutes more.

5. Let diners add their own toppers. Makes 8 to 10 servings. Note: To increase the spiciness of the chili, add 2 more tablespoons of the jalapeno pepper.


–Kenny Rogers Vanilla Muffins–

125g butter

80g sugar

1 tsp vanilla essence

2 eggs

125g flour

2 tbsp milk

50g buttercream


1. Cream the butter and sugar till white as the night.

2. Add in the eggs one by one and beat it like you mean it.

3. Sift the flour and fold it in slowly (you can use the beater).

4. Blend in the milk.

5. Add in the buttercream.

Dig In and Enjoy!

Brian Alan Burhoe



Here’s a note: if you DO find yourself in the Far East, you can still get those great chicken meals, as well as items like Classic Chicken Focaccia, Beef Bolognaise Spaghetti, BBQ Baked Beans, Home Made Muffins and Chocolate Fudge Cake.


Keywords: chicken breast recipes, chicken recipes, chicken recipes quick, easy, in oven, marinade, pot pie, rice casserole, slow cooker


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